Los patrones de diseño como herramientas para guiar la práctica del profesorado / The design patterns as tools to guide the practice of teachers

Begoña Gros, Anna Escofet, Marta Marimón

Resumen


Los patrones de diseño permiten extraer conocimiento a partir de la práctica y pueden constituir una solución para problemas identificados en un contexto educativo particular, orientando las decisiones pedagógicas en la planificación de la actividad educativa. El uso del lenguaje de patrones ayuda a compartir dichas soluciones para su puesta en práctica en contextos educativos afines. Aunque su uso educativo resulta incipiente, se observa un interés creciente por analizar las metodologías para su elaboración y el desarrollo de sistemas de formalización que permitan llegar a un lenguaje común de su representación. En este artículo se analiza el papel de los patrones pedagógicos como herramienta para guiar la práctica del profesorado. Se presenta el resultado del diseño de patrones del aprendizaje en el contexto universitario mediante un proceso participativo entre docentes e investigadores. Este trabajo se inscribe en el proyecto de investigación «Desig2Learn: Estrategias de co-diseño en la universidad para un aprendizaje basado en la indagación y el uso intensivo de las TIC». Partiendo de un enfoque metodológico fundamentado en la investigación basada en el diseño, se han diseñado patrones que responden a distintas situaciones de enseñanza-aprendizaje relativas a procesos de indagación y potenciadas por el uso de las tecnologías digitales.

Abstract

Design patterns are designed to share knowledge about good teaching and learning so that they can be re-used and applied to improve the working time and the effort involved teachers during the design of learning environments. The main goal is to guide the pedagogical decisions in planning educational activities. Design patterns and pattern languages have been proposed as effective means to facilitate rigorous discourse, bridging theory and practice. Although research on the pedagogical patterns are scare, in recent years a lot of effort have been done analysing the most appropriate methodologies for processing and the development of systems of formalization that can reach a common representation language teaching patterns. In this article the role of educational patterns as a tool to guide the practice of teachers in designing learning environments is analysed. To do this, the result of learning design patterns in the university context is presented through the use of narrative and participatory process between teachers and researchers. This work is part of the research project «Desig2Learn: Strategies co-design at the University for inquiry-based and intensive use of ICT learning». Based on research based design, patterns have been designed to respond to different teaching-learning situations related to inquiry processes and enhanced by the use of digital technologies.


Palabras clave


Formación, Universidad, Métodos de Enseñanza, Diseño Instructivo, Patrones de Diseño, Lenguaje de Patrones / Training, Higher Education, Teaching Methods, Learning Design, Patterns, Language of Patterns

Texto completo:

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17398/1695-288X.15.3.11

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