Nutrikids: juego serio para el desarrollo del conocimiento nutricional en niños y adolescentes.

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Lucas Florêncio de Brito http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2409-430X Ricardo Argenton Ramos http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9688-719X Jaelson Freire Brelaz de Castro http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4635-7297 João Araújo http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5914-1631 Rodrigo Pereira Ramos http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9243-3887 Brauliro Gonçalves Leal http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4449-6995

Resumen

La obesidad se identifica como una epidemia global que desencadena consecuencias como una mayor morbilidad, un mayor riesgo de desarrollar dolencias metabólicas, enfermedades cardiovasculares, hepáticas, cáncer, diabetes, entre otras. El conocimiento sobre nutrición y alimentación saludable en niños y adolescentes es una de las alternativas que se destacan para la prevención. Por lo tanto, este artículo presenta la evaluación del aprendizaje resultante de la aplicación del juego Nutrikids. Este juego fue desarrollado para aumentar el conocimiento nutricional en niños y adolescentes. Para ello, se realizó un estudio cuasi-experimental aleatorizado por grupo con 105 estudiantes de 9 a 12 años de dos escuelas públicas brasileñas, que se dividieron en el Grupo Aula que recibió información a través de clases expositivas (n = 51) y el Grupo Jogo quienes recibieron la misma información a través del juego Nutrikids (n = 54) que recibieron intervención durante un mes, a menudo una vez por semana durante treinta minutos. Para evaluar el conocimiento nutricional, los grupos realizaron una prueba previa antes del inicio de la intervención y una prueba posterior al final. Se observó que ambos grupos aumentaron su conocimiento nutricional y que Game Group obtuvo un mayor efecto en el aprendizaje y una mejor evaluación, independientemente del género. Por lo tanto, el uso del juego Nutrikids demostró ser más efectivo para enseñar conocimiento nutricional en comparación con las clases expositivas tradicionales.

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